Graham Hagens has written the article “Exodus and Settlement: A Two Sojourn Hypothesis.” It is online here.
Hagens has explored a solid possibility for the Exodus. He dates the Exodus to the junction of the 19th and 20th dynasties without getting too specific about Setnakht as the pharaoh or the disruptions of that period in Egypt. Instead he focuses on the developing chronology of the village settlements in Canaan as occuring largely during the 20th dynasty and the middle of the 12th century. When would the Exodus have had to occur if it was connected to a settlement occurring at that time?
We do not have evidence for a large number of people wandering the Sinai for a long time. But Hagens says we do have evidence of about 10,000 new settlers arriving in the highlands of northern Israel during the 12th century.
So Hagens affirms that the founders…
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