Critical theory is a Marxist inspired movement (in social and political philosophy) and approach to the study of society which developed between 1930 and 1970. It is associated with the work of the Frankfurt school. The Frankfurt School refers to the work of members of the Institute for Social Research which was established in 1923, Frankfurt, Germany.
The Frankfurt School
The Frankfurt School initially consisted of a group of interdisciplinary social theorists of whom three very important ones were Max Horkheimer, Theodor Wiesengrund Adorno, and Herbert Marcuse. The institute was a Marxist-oriented research body with the aim of developing Marxist studies in Germany. Following the Russian revolution of 1917, Marxists thought that Germany would soon adopt socialism and become socialist, and thus the institute specifically devoted itself to the study of German society in the light of Marxist theory. This goal ended in 1933 when the institute was forced to…
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