According to Paula Fredriksen, the Apostle Paul had taught that the current age was about to end and the God of Israel was about to inaugurate a new age with the risen Jesus as the royal messiah. His coming from heaven would topple the pagan gods, call the dead to life, and institute the kingdom of David. For Paul the major sign of this was the gathering of the nations represented by his own work calling non-Jews to abandon pagan worship and turn to the God of Israel and Jesus.
Obviously the event Paul expected did not happen in the time frame he expected.
This resulted in several afterlife’s for Paul in works attributed to him that modified his expectations.
Second Thessalonians included a list of things that had to happen before the end (I think that letter is genuine but that it does contain non-Pauline material: from the prophet…
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