The philosophical branch of epistemology asks a number of crucial questions that all thoughtful people would do well to engage. Epistemology is ultimately the study of knowledge and focuses on questions concerning certainty, how we know what we know, and the nature of knowledge. Below are several commonly employed terms which are helpful starting points for learning more about epistemology and the kind of stuff philosophers write about. This is also an invitation for further research, for nearly all of the below terms are still debated and discussed by philosophers.
Argument – This is a series of statements and reasons an individual uses to convince another person of a conclusion. A valid argument must have premises that are true, hence be sound. Arguments that have invalid premises are viewed as unsound with conclusions that do not follow from the premises.
Abduction – Also referred to as the “inference to the…
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