In The Riddles of the Fourth Gospel, Paul N. Anderson says there were three periods during which the Gospel of John developed within a specific community:
The Palestinian Period-30 to 70 CE
The First Asia Minor Period–The Johannine Community-70-85 CE
The Second Asia Minor Period–Johannine (and other) Communities-85-100 CE
What was happening with the community that eventually produced the Gospel of John in each of these periods?
During the Palestinian period there was a dialogue with Jerusalem Jewish authorities (who in the Gospel are called “the Jews” or “the Judeans”). These persecuted and killed Jesus. But for many years after that they opposed the followers of Jesus who were mostly from north Israel and demeaned them as “Galileans” (John 7:52) and Samaritans (John 8:48). One of the reasons the Judeans claimed Jesus could not be the Messiah was that he was from Nazareth and not Bethlehem (John 7:41-42).
View original post 681 more words