Reblogging for future reference.
I have been reading a paper by Israeli archeologist, Avraham Faust: The Farmstead in the Highlands of Iron Age II Israel. Iron Age II would include the late preexilic period in Samaria and Judah.
He has suggestions that illuminate two verses.
First, in the farmsteads archeologists found lots of winepresses , but there was little evidence of olive presses or threshing floors for grain. The possible explanation is that farmers took olives and grains to settlements for processing, but that farms marketed their own wine “labels”. This would fit with the song of the vineyard in Isaiah 5:2:
He built a hedge around it, removed its stones,
and planted a vine.
He built a tower in the middle of it,
and constructed a winepress.
He waited for it to produce edible grapes,
but it produced sour ones instead (NET Bible).
He also talks about the various ways the Hebrew Bible uses the word haserim (villages). Another word, ir, means settlements, although it…
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