James Barr in Biblical Faith and Natural Theology spent a lot of time talking about the image of God question only to conclude that it has little to do with natural theology.
An old argument for natural theology was that, because God made humans in the image of God, they had a capacity for natural knowledge of God. Barr went into the several ways that the image of God has been understood in theology.
There was the idea that the image of God was a spiritual or rational character endowed to man, but not to the animals.
There was the idea that there was a difference between the image of God and the likeness of God. In the Fall, we lost our likeness to God, but retained the image of God (approximately the position of Irenaeus).
There was the idea that the image of God was physical or material. Genesis…
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