Reblogging this for future reference.
Jesus also extends the seventh commandment to include far more than sex outside of marriage. His method is generally the same as for murder in the previous section. It is not just the action of adultery that is the problem but the thought process behind it. If murder starts with an angry heart, adultery starts with a wandering eye. Adultery does not happen by accident, there is a period of temptation that occurs before the actual action itself. Jesus points to that and says that the thinking itself is a problem, and is worthy of the same punishment as the action itself.
Other Second Temple period writers discussed the problem of adultery and also concluded that the eye is where adultery starts. For example, in the Testament of Issachar, the writer says on “I am a hundred and twenty-two years old, and I am not aware of having committed…
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