Chapter 1, “Divine Humans in Ancient Greece and Rome” in Bart D. Ehrman’s How Jesus Became God: The Exaltation of the Jewish Preacher from Galilee examines how people in the Graeco-Roman Mediterranean understood the divide between deity and humanity. He proposes three models: (1) gods who temporarily become human; (2) divine beings born of a god and a mortal; (3) a human who becomes divine.
Ehrman uses several example: Apollonius, believed to be the Son of Zeus in the third century CE (pp. 11-15); the myth of Jupiter and Mercury visiting Phrygia in the image of humans thought actually gods (pp. 18-21); Hercules; Alexander the Great (pp. 21-24); Romulus; Julius Caesar; Caesar Augustus and many who would be honored in the Emperor Cult; the philosopher Peregrinus (pp. 24-39). All of these figures are examples that fit into the above categories. Some were truly…
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I have a weakness for Greek Mythology; I found this to be interesting.