The Thief on the Cross, the Romans Road, and Deserving to Die

For its Bible study, my church is going through The Easter Experience: What If What Happened Then Changes Everything Now?  Last night, we did Session 5, “I have the promise of eternal life.”  The lesson focused on the thief on the cross, the one whom Jesus assured would be with him in paradise.  The pastor on the DVD offered two speculative back-stories about the thief.  One presented the thief as a good-hearted person who came from a broken home and committed his crimes to help others.  The other depicted him in a far less flattering light.  The pastor said that the thief reviled Jesus at first, yet something changed the thief’s mind and led him to defend Jesus when Jesus was forsaken even by his Heavenly Father, and to ask Jesus to remember him when Jesus entered into his kingdom.  The pastor speculated about what could have changed the thief’s mind: Jesus’ kindness to his mother while on the cross, or Jesus asking God to forgive his persecutors.  In the course of the lesson, we got into the evangelical message that all of us deserved to die for our own sins, like the thief, but Jesus died in our place.

I thought that the drama on the DVD was particularly powerful.  Maybe it was because I was wondering what exactly influenced the thief to change his mind about Jesus.  And I was also curious as to what exactly the thief believed about Jesus.  How could the thief look at Jesus on the cross and conclude that Jesus was a king of any kingdom?  It looks like it’s the end for Jesus at that point, so how could the thief think differently?  Was he aware that Jesus would rise from the dead, something that even Jesus’ own disciples had not yet grasped?  My guess is that the thief concluded that Jesus was who he said he was because he was aware of Jesus’ miracles, but he also was impressed by Jesus’ composure, love, and relationship with God even in his final hours.  The thief saw a quality in Jesus that he did not believe was present in himself.  I doubt that he had any advanced knowledge of the Christian doctrine of Jesus’ resurrection, but perhaps he believed that Jesus’ soul would be with the Father after the crucifixion, and Jesus would later return to set up the Kingdom.  Or maybe he envisioned Jesus being resurrected in the last days, with the rest of the righteous, and Jesus would then rule the earth as the Messiah.

I was impressed by the story on the DVD.  Where I got tripped up was when the booklet was trying to convince us that we are all sinners who deserve to die.  I have a hard time with that emotionally.  I don’t think it’s pride on my part, for, conversely, I don’t feel that I deserve to go to get rewards in any good afterlife, either!  I just have difficulty believing that somehow I deserve to die.  Evangelicals may tell me that I should just suck it up and accept that concept, that the substitutionary atonement is true regardless of how I feel, just like the law of gravity is true regardless of my personal feelings!  Maybe or maybe not.  The thing is, I doubt that a doctrine can bear fruit in my life if I have emotional or intellectual problems with it.

I was wondering if there is another way to see the atonement than the typical evangelical “Romans Road” path.  To be honest, I think that the Romans Road method of evangelism takes biblical passages out of context.  The end of Romans 6 says that the wages of sin is death, for example, and many evangelicals say that we should point to this text to convince a prospect for evangelism that she is a sinner and deserves to die, but that Jesus died in her place.  But I am doubtful that this was Paul’s focus in Romans 6.  In that chapter, his focus is on ceasing to do the works of the flesh, which lead to death, and embracing a new life of the Spirit and of righteousness.  My carnal mindset and acts lead to death, on so many levels.  That makes a bit more sense to me than saying that a person who steals a candybar deserves the exact same penalty as a mass murderer, in God’s eyes.  I am hesitant to dismiss the idea that Paul believed that we all deserved to die, however, for Paul does make the point that all have sinned and treasure up wrath, and that the commandment brings death.  How does the commandment bring death?  The only way I can see is that it condemns us for our sin.

I have also been disappointed with how evangelicals, and this includes our booklet, use James 2:8-11.  That passage says that anyone who breaks one commandment is guilty of breaking them all, and evangelicals like to point to that to argue that we are all sinners and deserve God’s judgment.  Maybe so, but I do not think that’s the focus of James in James 2.  James is encouraging his readers not to practice favoritism, not showing them a way to escape punishment for their sins.

Plus, I don’t care for how Romans Road methods of evangelism treat Christians like parrots who need to be trained in what to say.  There’s not much room for authenticity or individuality in that, in my opinion.  Rather, people are being trained to be mass-produced salespersons with a script.

There was something that resonated with me last night, though.  The pastor was reading to us from the teacher’s manual, and it said that the law is summed up by loving God and others, and all of us, regardless of what sin we committed, violate or fall short of this standard when we sin.  In that sense, the sins that I commit are bad in God’s eyes, just like the sins that can land somebody into the electric chair.  I would still say that actually murdering somebody is far worse than bearing a grudge, for the former actually has a direct and horrible effect on somebody else.  But both flow from the same stream: not loving God, and not loving others.  On the standard of love, we all fall short.

I also think that believing that I deserve the divinely-imposed death penalty for my sin can lead to humility—-I am less likely to think that I am better than somebody else.  As someone in the group said, we are all equal before the cross, for we are all condemned until we receive forgiveness.

I’ll stop here.  I’ll keep on the comments, but I will not publish any comments that are even remotely snarky.


About jamesbradfordpate

My name is James Pate. This blog is about my journey. I read books. I watch movies and TV shows. I go to church. I try to find meaning. And, when I can’t do that, I just talk about stuff that I find interesting. I have degrees in fields of religious studies. I have an M.Phil. in the History of Biblical Interpretation from Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati, Ohio. I also have an M.A. in Hebrew Bible from Jewish Theological Seminary, an M.Div. from Harvard Divinity School, and a B.A. from DePauw University.
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9 Responses to The Thief on the Cross, the Romans Road, and Deserving to Die

  1. I really like how you reveal your thought process while you explain your bible study topic. It is beautifully done and very informative. 🙂


  2. jamesbradfordpate says:

    Thanks Laurie! I’m glad you like it. 🙂


  3. sheila0405 says:

    Reblogged this on temporary and commented:
    James this is very thought-provoking & I love your ideas, Reblogged!


  4. sheila0405 says:

    I reblogged this. Excellent post!


  5. jamesbradfordpate says:

    Thanks for the reblog, Sheila!


  6. Lynn says:

    This was a good read. Thanks for sharing it. I followed Sheila’s link when she commented on Tim’s blog – and then I found your blog. 🙂

    I got a tiny bit lost in this part:

    “The pastor was reading to us from the teacher’s manual, and it said that the law is summed up by loving God and others, and all of us, regardless of what sin we committed, violate or fall short of this standard when we sin. In that sense, the sins that I commit are bad in God’s eyes, just like the sins that can land somebody into the electric chair. ”

    The first sentence makes me think that if God wants us to love others regardless of their sins, then obviously he must love us too regardless of our sins. When I got to the next sentence however I wasn’t sure if you were saying something else – are you saying “…are bad in God’s eyes,” meaning that maybe God wouldn’t love us despite are sins? I suspect you’re NOT saying that, but I keep getting lost on that sentence. Can you help me understand what you are saying? (I suspect I’m just being dense.)

    Thank you!


  7. jamesbradfordpate says:

    Hi Lynn! Thanks for commenting. Actually, I think that what you are quoting relates to another issue. My impression is that the teacher’s manual was trying to say that all of us are sinners and deserve death and hell, regardless of what our sin is, because, in a sense, all sin is alike: it is not loving God and others. Thus, we all need Christ as our Savior. I hope that’s clear. I’m not sure how else to phrase it.


  8. Lynn says:

    Thanks for your follow up, James. I have to admit, I think I had another idea going in my head at the time I read your post and I somehow blended your writing with my thinking – which led me to making a mess of things. It was me that was baffling, not your words. Sorry for that. Looking forward to reading more of your blog. I will try to keep my inner ruminations from skewing my reading next time.


  9. jamesbradfordpate says:

    No problem, Lynn! Your first comment was still interesting to me, because I have thought about writing a post about the topic that you mentioned (God loving sinners, so we should love sinners).


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